Iberian Market Regulation

Published: 07/11/2016 17:06:54

We think that not everyone is familiar with the latest quality Standard for Iberian product, so you can continue reading if you are interested on this topic. It is a distinctive standard just for some Iberian products produced in Spain. In detail, we are speaking about ham, pork loin, fresh meat and Iberian shoulder. Focusing on the ham, loin and Iberian shoulder, this rule establishes that on the label of the product shall appear its name, the type of feed received by the animal and at last, the percentage of Iberico breed, that is to say, when the product is 100% Iberian, and when it isn’t, what is the percentage of Iberian breed, 50% or 75%. Let’s explain:  


-          Product name: Paleta (pork shoulder), jamon (Iberian ham) or lomo (pork loin)

-          Type of feed received by the pig: De cebo (compound feeds), de cebo campo (compound feeds and pastures), de bellota (acorns and pastures).

-          Proportion of Iberian breed: Just “Iberian” on the label, means that the pig is not Iberian 100%. In that case, must appear on the label what percentage does the animal have: 50% or 75%. When the pork is pure Iberian this shall be shown as Iberian 100%.


So when you are going to buy some Iberian product, to give you an example, the proper name would be: paleta de cebo Ibérica 50% (pork shoulder Iberian 50%). Now imagine that is boneless paleta. Then it comes to be known as paleta de cebo ibérica 50% deshuesada (pork shoulder Iberian 50% boneless). The format (sliced, boneless…) shall be appear always at the end of the whole denomination.


To make it easier to the consumer, pork shoulders and ham must be accompanied by a flange or seal of a specific colour, depending on the good concerned. That is to say:


-          White flange or seal: That means that the product is of cebo iberico and the animal has been fed with compound feeds in a feedlot.

-          Green flange or seal: That means that the product is of cebo de campo iberico, that the animal has been fed with pastures and compound feeds and part of its raising has been completed in the countryside or dehesa(meadow).

-          Red flange or seal: That means that the product is of bellota (acorn) and the animal has been raised in the meadow but it is not Iberian pure-bred.

-          Black flange or seal: That means that the product is of acorn and Iberian 100%, the animal has been fed in the meadow and its breed is Iberian 100%.



Leaving aside pork shoulder, ham and Iberian loin, all of them cured meat, we must considere that this regulation also applies to the products not cured, such as fresh meat from the slaughtering provided that the animal is Iberian.


Nor should we forget that this regulation removes a term that was present before and was used for some Iberian cured products. This term was recebo. A product of recebo meant  that the pig had been fed with compound feeds but when came the time of the slaughter, the animal did not  reach the specific weight required, then, the pig was fed the next season with compound feeds again until the correct weight was reached to be able to be slaughtered.


The objective of this regulation is to protect and to inform the consumer, to not mislead the buyer and to know what he is buying. In addition to make clear the type of feed received by the pork and its Iberian breed’s percentage on the label, this legislation sets up that everything related to acorn and meadow as symbols of Iberian product, it can only be used when we are speaking about this kind of goods. That is to say, photographs, images, logos, names..related to acorn and meadow will be used strictly with products associated to these two aspects and it will not be accepted its use for another category of product that is not Iberian.  


Knowing all this, we can already able to shop our ham, our pork shoulder, our loin, our meat, our iberian product, with total guarantee that we are taking home authentic Iberian product. We only have to enjoy of its taste, so, good buy!!


Share this content